For the vast majority of people, drinking socially – a glass or two of wine with dinner or a beer or two after work – won`t make them go above the 0.05% level. Assess whether a driver who has an alcohol test score of 0.04 or higher or who has refused to undergo a breathalyzer test should be prescribed treatment and/or education to resolve issues related to alcohol abuse. Assess whether each driver who has already tested 0.04 or higher and wants to return to work has correctly followed sap recommendations for treatment and/or education. Determine the number of months in which a returning driver will undergo a breathalyzer test following their return to work (after the minimum six tests required in the first 12 months). Recommend whether a returnee should also undergo a return and/or follow-up test for the use of controlled substances. When you set up an effective breathalyzer testing program, you need to provide certain specialized services. You need someone who is not licensed to drive VMCs and perform safety-related functions. Drivers are informed by the employer of the resources available to them to assess and resolve problems related to alcohol abuse. Drivers are assessed by an AMP that determines the treatment and/or training the employee needs to resolve issues related to alcohol abuse. Before returning to duty, the driver undergoes a blood alcohol test for rehabilitation, resulting in an alcohol concentration of less than 0.02. Drivers who have been determined to need help with their alcohol problems are assessed by a SAP to determine if they have completed the prescribed rehabilitation program. The driver will also undergo an unexpected subsequent blood alcohol test to resolve a problem. You should start your alcohol abuse program with a trial, and then, once everything is going well, implement the actual program.

Do not leave a gap between the dry operation of the program and the actual implementation. FMCSA regulations require that any person who has a breath alcohol level of 0.04 or higher must be immediately removed from their driving duties and all related safety-related functions. In addition, they must be informed of the resources available to assess and resolve issues related to alcohol abuse, including the names, addresses and telephone numbers of AMPs and counselling and treatment programs. The driver must also be assessed by an SAP, which must determine the treatment and/or training required of the driver to resolve problems related to alcohol abuse. Once the test procedures have been explained to the driver, the driver and the TWU or TAO must complete, date and sign the breathalyzer form. The driver and the STT or BAT sign the form indicating that the driver is present and present a saliva or breath sample. You cannot edit or revise this form unless the form is generated directly by an EBT (i.e., space to attach a separate printed result is not required on a form generated by EBT because the form itself is the result). The form must contain triple copies without an automatic copy.

Electronic signatures are prohibited. Copy 1 must be sent to the employer. Copy 2 must be provided to the driver. Copy 3 must be kept by the TAO. With the exception of a form generated by an EBT, the form must measure 81/2 x 11 inches (21.6 x 28 centimeters). The form can be found in the appendix at the end of this chapter. A 2018 report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine calls for lowering the blood alcohol limit for driving to 0.05 percent of the current legal limit (in most states) of 0.08 percent. The results may also indicate “positive” or “negative,” meaning you had alcohol in your blood or no alcohol in your blood. FMCSA (49 CFR Part 382) requires you to perform blood alcohol testing on drivers performing safety-related functions in accordance with the provisions of Part 40 of 49 CFR. The initial sample must be collected using a salivary device, an inconclusive breath test device (Alcohol Screening Device (ASD)) or an Evidence-Based Breath Test (EBT) device approved by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

All screening tests must be performed by a qualified blood alcohol technician (BAT). Inconclusive saliva tests and breath tests can only be performed by a qualified Screening Test Technician (TWU). Many physical and situational factors determine the blood alcohol level and extent of impairment you may be experiencing. These can vary from person to person and also from situation to situation. Employers who use inconclusive ASD are responsible for ensuring that EBT is available on ASD within 30 minutes of receiving a test result. If an employer cannot ensure that EBT is available within the 30-minute period, they cannot use ASD in a breathalyzer program. By default, the FMCSA will not allow employers to violate the 30-minute time limit to start a confirmatory test. Rare cases may be admitted on a case-by-case basis at the discretion of the FMCSA. Step 4: To be completed by the employee when the test result is 0.02 or higher, I confirm that I have taken the blood alcohol test, the results of which are accurately recorded on this form. I understand that I am not allowed to drive, perform safety-related tasks or use heavy equipment, as the results are 0.02 or higher.

____________ The STT checks the expiry date of the saliva tester, displays the date to the driver and must not use any device at any time after the expiry date. The STT opens an individually sealed package that contains the device in the presence of the pilot, and then offers the driver the option to use the swab.