Relaxing alcohol laws can contribute to an increase in alcohol-related accidents and health problems. After New Mexico repealed its blue law banning the sale of alcohol on Sundays in 1990, the state had 29 percent more alcohol-related car accidents and 42 percent more deaths in those crashes over the next 10 years. Those who favor lowering the drinking age generally argue that moderate alcohol consumption is often preferable as a supplement to a meal or drink with friends and is healthier than the binge drinking habits more commonly associated with dry countries like the United States. These opinions usually lead to the argument that it is far more effective and beneficial for laws to monitor, restrict and control healthy drinking habits rather than ban them altogether. In addition, it is argued that alcohol abuse occurs – at least in part – due to strict alcohol laws. It is said that if the drinking age was not strictly enforced and people under 18 had the opportunity to learn to drink before university, fewer teenagers would abuse alcohol. Brown University professor Dwight B. Heath points to the “forbidden fruit” syndrome that occurs when the drinking age is so high. Unlike countries where the drinking age is low. “Alcohol has no mysticism. It doesn`t matter.

[20] Many of these proponents also argue that instead of a strict age limit, there should be laws gradually, with proposals such as the need to pass a test to obtain a beverage license, or the implementation of laws such as those in Europe that restrict the type of alcohol or the environment in which it can be consumed. [21] [22] However, those arguing for maintaining and even tightening current alcohol laws generally argue, citing previous examples, that alcohol-related injuries and deaths are currently quite serious. They also argue that initiatives to gradually introduce alcohol laws or educational programs are optimistic and unrealistic. In addition, they suggest that alcohol and driving problems are quite significant among those under the legal age, and that lowering the drinking age would only reinforce these habits, leading to an even higher number of alcohol-related problems. [21] [22] 5. For government purposes: Underage drinking is not prohibited in some states if it is related to government or law enforcement missions. These tasks may include government research on underage drinking, undercover work, etc. Each state sets its own specific requirements for what is considered legal. 8.

In liquor sales premises with parental consent: In some states, the consumption of alcohol by minors is permitted in a place where alcohol is sold, such as a restaurant or bar, if the alcohol is provided to the minor by a legal guardian and the minor is in the presence of his or her legal guardian. This card masks an incredible complexity and variety of exceptions for minors. Some states make exceptions when minors are allowed to consume alcohol. Others make exceptions if they are allowed to own it. Still other states, such as Arkansas, do not have exemptions for possession or consumption by minors, but still make exceptions for parents who want to provide alcohol to their children. All of this adds up to a confusing mess that is almost impossible for parents, teens, and even lawyers to understand. All this ambiguity and the legal confusion it creates could also have real consequences. If people don`t understand what the laws say, they don`t know if they`re being broken. “I suspect a lot of people are convicted of crimes they didn`t commit because of the confusion,” Hanson says.

The national drinking age can help save lives. Since the law was passed: This is one of the seemingly iron rules of adolescence: In the United States, you can`t legally drink until you`re 21. Of course, our laws on underage consumption are regularly flouted. More than half of 20-year-old Americans have tried alcohol at some point in their lives, according to the latest figures from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. It`s no secret that Florida is a well-known party destination. But Florida is also known for strictly enforcing the MLDA of 21. You`ll find people who say that for the first time in 20 years, they`ve been listed on many travel sites when visiting a theme park. It is illegal for anyone under the age of 21 to possess alcohol in this state. Wisconsin has experienced problems with underage drinking on college campuses. In 2017, a state legislator tried to pass a bill that would lower the drinking age to nineteen to reduce excessive alcohol consumption. That bill didn`t pass, but underage teens can currently drink at a bar or restaurant with a parent in Wisconsin. Under Wisconsin law, 18- to 20-year-olds can legally drink with a parent, guardian or spouse 21 and older.

“It`s amazing — what do we parents say?” said David J. Hanson, professor emeritus of sociology at SUNY Potsdam, in an interview. Hanson has studied alcohol policy for more than 40 years, claiming that sometimes conflicting regulations on underage alcohol cause confusion and “legal nonsense.” As part of undercover work or research, it is legal in some states for a minor employed in law enforcement to purchase and consume alcohol. This is an understandable attempt to keep these enforcement efforts unhindered. In 2008, McCardell and the presidents of more than 100 U.S. colleges and universities launched the Amethyst Initiative, a campaign to debate the effectiveness of current alcohol laws. [13] In 2008, Gallup reported that 77% of the population over the age of 18 is against drinking age of 18. [14] As it stands, any state that lowers the age of purchase or possession of alcohol would lose five percent of its federal funding for roads. [15] This could range from a loss of $6 million to $150 million for a single state.

But New York`s Drinking Act for minors makes an explicit exception for drinking with parents: “A person under the age of twenty-one may possess any alcoholic beverage with the intention of consuming it if the alcoholic beverage is given. to a person under twenty-one years of age by his or her parents or guardian. Since 1984, the national legal drinking age has been 21. Prior to 1984, each state had its own legal drinking age. Americans drink to death at record rates I asked Hanson what he thought of the legal situation in Arkansas, where the law also states that minors are prohibited from drinking alcohol under any circumstances, but that parents can still give alcohol to their children. If a parent gives a child a drink, does that mean the child is breaking the law, but the parent is not? It is not always illegal for people under the age of 21 to drink. In 45 states, laws allow minors to drink in certain situations. Although the incidence of underage drinking is still significant, government, university and national statistics have confirmed that alcohol consumption and binge drinking among high school students have declined steadily over the past three decades and continue to decline every year. [24] [best source needed] According to a U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration study of 30,000 adolescents aged 12 to 20, the percentage of underage drinkers increased from 28.8% to 22.7% between 2002 and 2013. Underage heavy drinkers decreased 19.3% to 14.2%. A December 2014 study from the University of Michigan also found that 75 percent of high school students disapproved of binge drinking on weekends.

[16] However, alcohol was found to be the preferred substance for young Americans, followed by tobacco and illegal drugs. [16] States that do not meet the national drinking age may lose money. The federal government can withhold up to 10 percent of funds for road maintenance in that state. But it turns out that not everything minors drink is strictly illegal: At least 37 states have some sort of exception in their drinking laws that allows minors to drink at home and in the company of family members. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the patchwork of state laws regulating exceptions to laws on underage possession of alcohol looks like this when simplified: Most states chose to be 21 years old after prohibition, but the 26th Amendment allowed people 18 and older to vote and serve in Vietnam. As a result, several states have also lowered the age of alcohol consumption. However, President Ronald Reagan, influenced by groups like Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) and Remove Intoxicated Drivers (RID), decided to impose a drinking age of 21+ at the federal level by signing the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984. [9] He believed this would reduce the number of crashes related to drunk driving because he stated that states with a drinking age of 21+ did not have as many crashes under the influence of alcohol.