After all, none of us want to live in a world where the powerful are free to pray for the weak without any consequences. With this article, Legal Portal attempts to determine the purpose of the law, as well as the role and functions of the law in any corporation. The law is a progressive part of any society. Legal rules and regulations keep our businesses intact and functional. Without law, chaos can easily rise in a world where the strong dominate the weak. It is important to understand what the purpose of law is in our society, because only then can we identify and appreciate the functions of the law it fulfills and how it affects us. Specific laws are enacted to achieve a specific goal in society. For example, the Penal Code has been enacted to regulate crime in society, the Companies Law and related matters to regulate the establishment of enterprises, etc. However, there are also general functions of the law as a whole. Some of these common functions are: What is the difference between law and ethics? The law tends to prescribe what is deemed necessary for the given time and place. Ethics focuses on the individual and not on society; Law deals with the social relations of society and not with the individual excellence of its character and behaviour.

Ethics must consider the motive for action as everything that is important; The law is primarily concerned with the fact that behaviour must conform to certain standards, and it is generally not about the motives of individuals. However, it is too narrow to say that ethics deals only with the individual, or that ethics deals only with the “internal” and law only with the “external”, because ethics, when judging actions, must take into account the consequences arising from them, and it is not possible to analyze the ethical duties of the person, without regard to their obligations to their fellow human beings or their place in society. It is also misleading to focus on those aspects of the law that relate directly to the behaviour and “external” factors in a person`s social relationships, to the exclusion of those that explicitly or implicitly target the intent, motive and purposes that individuals are seeking [What is the law: 33-7]. The law essentially draws the line between what is considered acceptable in a society and what is unacceptable. Even if norms, customs and traditions draw borders, crossing these borders does not necessarily have consequences. The concept of functions of law is of great importance. It is necessary to explain the essence of law, explain the disciplines associated with law, correctly interpret and apply the law, determine the interaction of law with social norms and institutions, determine which general principles should correspond or deviate from them, and explain the law in the context of normative philosophy. The purpose of this chapter is to contribute to the development of all the reasoned functions of the Act. It distinguishes questions of the social functions of law from the question of the classification of legal norms into different normative types. The four main functions of the law – to prevent undesirable behaviour and to ensure desirable behaviour in criminal law and tort; provide facilities for private agreements between individuals found in private, criminal and tortious law; the provision of services and the redistribution of goods in legal systems; and the resolution of unresolved disputes in court – are discussed in this chapter.

It also deals with the secondary and indirect functions of law. The secondary functions of the law include the establishment of procedures for amending the law and regulating the functioning of legislative bodies. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the classification of law by H.L.A. Hart. Law manifests itself in the form of legal norms and decision-making in society. These rules and decisions are context-based. Law does not operate in a vacuum, outside the realm of society. Legal rules are very deeply rooted in social conditions. Articles such as these deal in more detail with all the essential features of the law from a societal perspective. There are three main legal theories concerning the relationship between law and state. They are: the State is superior to the law and creates it; The law precedes the State and binds it when it occurs; Law and the State are viewed from different angles. Although alcoholism is morally unacceptable in a particular state, it remains harmless unless the law prohibits alcoholism.

The moral upheaval can grow so much that it is then used to enforce moral punishment with a prison sentence or fine. The law has always imposed morality. The courts play an essential role in upholding the rule of law, particularly when they hear complaints from minority groups or persons who may hold minority views. Equality before the law is so integral to the U.S. system of government that when a majority, intentionally or unintentionally, violates the rights of a minority, the Court sees fit to hear both sides of the controversy in court. Another function of law is that it provides methods by which laws can be changed to meet the needs of changing times. For example, the constitution on page 4 gives the legislature the power to legislate for Nigeria. This means that they can recreate laws and correct anomalies in them. The specific procedures to be followed by the legislator when enacting laws for the Federation are regulated by the Constitution in § 58.

Anarchy can prevail fairly quickly if there is no law. Societies are capable of taking an uncivilized turn when there are no legal consequences for people`s actions. Here are some fundamental functions that law performs in a society: According to Holland, the function of law is to ensure the well-being of society. It is therefore more than an institution for the protection of the rights of the individual. The system of the rule of law in the United States is enshrined in the Constitution of the United States. The Constitution of the United States itself became the law of the land more than two hundred years ago, and the principles set forth in the document remain in full force and effect to this day. However, the way in which the Constitution is applied has always been subject to judicial interpretation. As circumstances and public opinion change over the years, so do the interpretations offered by the courts. From time to time, it even becomes necessary to amend the constitution to keep pace with changes in the country`s beliefs and values. We have seen that one of the natures of the law is that it is a standard.

The general statement of a rule of law is not a mere reproduction. In fact, all social norms differ from the simple readmission of a philosopher or doctor, etc. Certainly, such theses of philosophers and physicians can be useful addresses; But no one is obliged to follow them. On the contrary, legal norms are binding. In fact, the essence of legal norms is that members of society are required to behave in accordance with the law. Therefore, we usually refer to statements about what will happen to a recipient who behaves in accordance with the law attached to general statements. These are what we call sanctions. Sanctions answer the question: how does the community or group behave if standards are not met? What safeguards are in place to ensure that the standard is met? Sanctions are of different types, but their common goal is to form standards and follow prescribed standards. Even permissive norms are protected by sanctions; Although, in their case, the sanction is directed against the person authorized to do the thing, but against the rest of the world, who orders all others not to interfere with the rights of the person so authorized.

Today, the following functions are considered important functions of law. The law performs many functions in a modern state. It serves as a means of social control, supported by other means such as public opinion (morality), religion, education and custom. However, law is the most institutionalized means of social control in society. The social functions of law are multiple: (1) Law maintains public order, called in an orderly manner “law and morality” in society. In the absence of law, private quarrels and revenge complement the informal social process by which individuals and groups deal with disputes. The Act is designed to complement informal alternatives and provides for a simplified and conclusive and acceptable resolution of disputes subject to public scrutiny. In addition to maintaining public order, the law also punishes deviant behaviour through regulations prohibiting certain deviant behaviour and the enforcement of these rules. Criminal law is particularly suitable for him. The realistic view of the object and function of law is that the pursuit of the greater good of individuals and the state as such is a supervisory authority. Roscoe Pound assigns four main functions to law, namely: (1) to maintain law and order in society; (2) maintaining the status quo in society; (3) ensure the greatest possible freedom of the person; and (4) meeting the basic needs of the population. He treats the law as a kind of social engineering.

These are the fundamental functions of law in any society. It is also important to note that the law is inevitable for the growth of any society. With the points mentioned and discussed above, it is undoubtedly clear that law plays a crucial role in ensuring the growth of society.